In 1956, ex-boxer, soldier and R&B sideman, Jalacy Hawkins recorded a song so shocking that, having recovered from the drunken stupor he was in when making it, attempted to destroy the tape, claiming it couldn’t possibly be his work. The still chilling, much-covered (though none, even Nina Simone’s, coming anywhere near the original) “I Put a Spell on You” is a landmark in popular music, opening up the playing field to not only macabre song-writing but also the use of outlandish stage props and performance. Despite being banned in many States, the song sold comfortably over a million copies in the U.S alone (though was omitted from the charts), not particularly because of the lyrical content but the completely unhinged delivery, Hawkins screaming, grunting and spluttering his way through against the backdrop of a pre-Addams Family-esque polka.
Clip from the Alan Freed biopic American Hot Wax
His early years in the army are shrouded in myth and mystery. Born in 1929, Hawkins regularly claimed to have been a prisoner of war whilst serving in World War II, based in the Pacific. He declared that he had escaped and got his revenge on his captor by tying him up and putting a hand grenade in his mouth, then pulling the pin. What is certain is that he became the middle-weight boxing champion of Alaska in 1949.
Jalacy performed under the moniker ‘Screamin’ Jay Hawkins’ and already had a reputation as being somewhat flamboyant, from his womanising to his drinking to his alarming stage outfits; leopard skin , leather, massive hats, whatever was to hand. His extraordinary rich, baritone voice initially drew him towards opera, certainly a fitting vehicle for his voice but probably not his antics. The success of “…Spell” prompted DJ Alan Freed to dare Hawkins to emerge from a coffin at his next show. $300 dollars in Hawkins’s bank account later and a full stage show was born – coffins, voodoo-inspired sets, capes, flash bombs and his constant companion, Henry, a cigarette-smoking skull on a cane, as well as songs covering everything from the Mau-Mau, beverages made from alligators, madness to bowel complaints.
Screamin’s stage set-up was largely decorated with voodoo paraphernalia and many of his songs deal with the religion and associated rites including the self-explanatory “Voodoo“, “Alligator Wine” and “Feast Of The Mau-Mau“. His earlier songs, many released on the famed Okeh label, though less focussed on the bizarre, are still required listening, instantly recognisable amongst the rhythm and blues performers of the time; Hawkins was also an accomplished pianist, something often overlooked. By the 1960s the stage show was just as important as the songs, his drinking and unpredictability all adding to the drama. Upon signing to Phillips in 1969, he released “Constipation Blues“, singing of the trials and tribulations of toilet trouble. To ensure the audience were under no misapprehension, he appeared at one show sitting on a toilet on stage.
The 1980s saw him performing with New York garage rock band The Fuzztones, releasing a live album in 1984. His theatrics had not gone unnoticed in the film world and he made several cameo appearances, usually playing characters as crackpot as himself. The most famous of these is his appearance in Jim Jarmusch’s 1989 film, Mystery Train, playing an eccentric night clerk at a hotel, having some bother with a plum and an ornamental fly. Meanwhile, supernatural horror film Night Angel (also 1989) features Hawkins performing ‘Sirens Burnin’.
Hawkins influence was recognised, not only by the myriad of performers who aped his style, from Screaming Lord Such to The Cramps to Alice Cooper but also performers like The Clash and Nick Cave who invited him to tour with them as their support act. He continued to record widely throughout the 1990s, incorporating more electric guitar and often revamping some of his older songs for a newer, younger audience. In 1991 he released one of his most famous albums, the typically provocative “Black Music For White People”. It was certainly enough to provoke Tom Waits’s lawyers who took exception to the use of Hawkins’s cover of “Heart Attack And Vine”, which was used in a Levi’s television commercial. The song did eventually give Hawkins his highest UK chart placing, a lowly 42. He later covered Waits’s “Whistlin’ Past The Graveyard”, surviving financially unscathed.
His extra-curricular activities followed Screamin’ until his death in France in 2000. He is rumoured to have sired no fewer than 57 children, mostly to different mothers, an eye-popping claim which was the subject of a British Channel 4 documentary called “57 Screamin’ Kids”. Allegations were made by many of the children that he did nothing to support them, financially or emotionally. He left behind an enormous catalogue of albums, many, sadly, out of print; a partial discography can be seen below, though this does not include the many best of’s and compilations
- 1958 At Home with Screamin’ Jay Hawkins (Okeh/Epic) – other editions entitled Screamin’ Jay Hawkins and I Put a Spell on You
- 1965 The Night and Day of Screamin’ Jay Hawkins (Planet/52e Rue Est) – also entitled In the Night and Day of Screamin’ Jay Hawkins
- 1969 What That Is! (Philips)
- 1970 Because Is in Your Mind (Armpitrubber) (Philips)
- 1972 Portrait of a Man and His Woman (Hotline) – also entitled I Put a Spell on You and Blues Shouter
- 1977 I Put a Spell on You (Versatile—recordings from 1966–76)
- 1979 Screamin’ the Blues (Red Lightnin’–recordings from 1953–70)
- 1983 Real Life (Zeta)
- 1984 Screamin’ Jay Hawkins and The Fuzztones Live (Midnight Records) – live
- 1988 At Home with Jay in The Wee Wee Hours (Midnight Records) – live
- 1988 Live & Crazy (Blue Phoenix) – live
- 1990 The Art of Screamin’ Jay Hawkins (Spivey)
- 1991 Black Music For White People (Bizarre/Straight Records/Planet Records)
- 1991 I Shake My Stick at You (Aim)
- 1993 Stone Crazy (Bizarre/Straight/Planet)
- 1994 Somethin’ Funny Goin’ On (Bizarre/Straight/Planet)
- 1993 Rated X (Sting S) – live
- 1998 At Last (Last Call)
- 1999 Live at the Olympia, Paris (Last Call) – live with one new studio recording
- 1999 Alligator Wine: An Intoxicating Concoction
- 2006 Portrait of a Maniac
- 2006 The Whamee -1953-1955
- 2009 Live, Love or Die
- 2010 Weird and Then Some
- 2011 Cowfingers and Mosquito Pie
- 2011 Spellbound
- 2013 The Singles Collection
- 2017 The Planet Sessions
- 2018 Are YOU One of Jay’s Kids? The Complete Bizarre Sessions 1991-1994
A cad perhaps, a genius most certainly.
Originally featured on the excellent Horrorpedia